I couldn't say for sure. This item has been added to your Favorites. Created by. Ponkberry Online. Guide Index. Prologue - Celcius. Ch1 Luca - Mushroom Rock. Ch1 Djose - Bikanel. Ch1 Bevelle - Besaid. Ch1 Zanarkand - Kilika. Ch2 Besaid - Moonflow. Ch2 Guadosalam - Mt. Ch2 Chateau - Bevelle. Ch3 Djose - Zanarkand.
Ch3 Besaid - Djose Temple. Ch4 Celcius - CommSphere Network. Ch4 Moonflow - The Concert. Ch5 Zanarkand - Moonflow. Ch5 Guadosalam - Fiend Arena. Ch5 Excavation - Fiend Colony. Ch5 - Finale. New Game Plus. Via Infinito and Monster Master achievement. Monster Master - Using the Fiend Arena. PR Mission - Chapter 1. PR Mission - Chapter 2. PR Mission - Chapter 3. Achievement Cleanup. Last Mission.
If you liked this guide. Don't skip any cutscene or dialogue, doing that will affect negatively your total percentage. Follow each mission and bolded part for percentages. Your first visit to the Calm Lands will explain PR. You should start PR in Chapter 1, and you can be over points by Chapter 2 and never worry about it again. If you start in Chapter 2, that's fine and you'll finish in Chapter 3 and maybe a little bit of 4. There are other missable achievements, but if you follow the order of the guide, we will take care of those as they become available marking them off your list.
So worry not. As for the Bestiary, none of the enemies are missable if you follow the guide, Only boss enemies are missable should you not have done the missions; however, all of these missions are covered in the walkthrough. Chocobo Eater Mi'ihen Highroad in Chapter 2. Anything Eater Ruins Depths in Chapter 5.
Anything Eater is missable if you didn't complete Clasko's quest and moved him into the Monster Arena in the Calm Lands. Fiend Colony is missable if you don't have a chocobo farm to use. Azi Dahaka Farplane Abyss if you disable the barriers before crossing them. Once you reach the Farplane Abyss, which is the last area, the guide will force you to encounter Azi Dahaka, then have you come back out to do achievement clean-up. If you've followed the guide, you will have everything required for the rest of the achievements.
The Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm operated land-based fighters in defence of naval establishments and carrier-based aircraft. Bomber Command participated in two areas of attack — the strategic bombing campaign against German war production, and the less well known mining of coastal waters off Germany known as Gardening to contain its naval operations and prevent the U-boats from freely operating against Allied shipping. In order to attack German industry by night the RAF developed navigational aids, tactics to overwhelm the German defences control system , tactics directly against German night-fighter forces, target marking techniques , many electronic aids in defence and attack , and supporting electronic warfare aircraft.
The production of heavy aircraft competed with resources for the Army and the Navy, and it was a source of disagreement as to whether the effort could be more profitably expended elsewhere. In early the UK air arm was put under Eisenhower's direct control where it played a vital role in preparing the way for the Overlord Invasion.
By the end of the war, Soviet annual aircraft production had risen sharply with annual Soviet production peaking at 40, aircraft in Some , aircraft were produced, of which , were combat types for the Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily or VVS as the Soviet Union named their air arm , while the others were transports and trainers. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor and during the period within which the predecessor U. Roosevelt gave command of the Navy to an aviator, Admiral Ernest King , with a mandate for an aviation-oriented war in the Pacific.
FDR allowed King to build up land-based naval and Marine aviation, and seize control of the long-range bombers used in antisubmarine patrols in the Atlantic. Roosevelt basically agreed with Robert A. Lovett , the civilian Assistant Secretary of War for Air, who argued, "While I don't go so far as to claim that air power alone will win the war, I do claim the war will not be won without it.
Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall rejected calls for complete independence for the Air Corps , because the land forces generals and the Navy were vehemently opposed. In the compromise that was reached it was understood that after the war, the aviators would get their independence. In the Army reorganized into three equal components, one of which was the AAF, which then had almost complete freedom in terms of internal administration. It had full control over the design and procurement of airplanes and related electronic gear and ordnance.
Together with naval aviation, it recruited the best young men in the nation. General Henry H. Arnold headed the AAF. One of the first military men to fly, and the youngest colonel in World War I, he selected for the most important combat commands men who were ten years younger than their Army counterparts, including Ira Eaker b. Although a West Pointer himself, Arnold did not automatically turn to Academy men for top positions.
Since he operated independent of theatre commanders, Arnold could and did move his generals around, and speedily removed underachievers. Aware of the need for engineering expertise, Arnold went outside the military and formed close liaisons with top engineers like rocket specialist Theodore von Karmen at Caltech.
Arnold, however, was officially Deputy Chief of [Army] Staff, so on committees he deferred to his boss, General Marshall. WPD's section leaders were infantrymen or engineers, with a handful of aviators in token positions. Airmen were also underrepresented in the planning divisions of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and of the Combined Chiefs. Aviators were largely shut out of the decision-making and planning process because they lacked seniority in a highly rank-conscious system.
The freeze intensified demands for independence, and fueled a spirit of "proving" the superiority of air power doctrine. Because of the young, pragmatic leadership at top, and the universal glamor accorded aviators, morale in the AAF was strikingly higher than anywhere else except perhaps Navy aviation. The AAF provided extensive technical training, promoted officers and enlisted faster, provided comfortable barracks and good food, and was safe, with an American government-sponsored pilot training program in place as far back as , that did work in concert when necessary with the British Commonwealth's similar program within North America.
The only dangerous jobs were voluntary ones as crew of fighters and bombers—or involuntary ones at jungle bases in the Southwest Pacific. Marshall, an infantryman uninterested in aviation before , became a partial convert to air power and allowed the aviators more autonomy. He authorized vast spending on planes, and insisted that American forces had to have air supremacy before taking the offensive.
However, he repeatedly overruled Arnold by agreeing with Roosevelt's requests in —42 to send half of the new light bombers and fighters to the British and Soviets, thereby delaying the buildup of American air power. Neither had paid much attention to aviation before the war.
However the air power advocate Jimmy Doolittle succeeded Eaker as 8th Air Force commander at the start of Doolittle instituted a critical change in strategic fighter tactics and the 8th Air Force bomber raids faced less and less Luftwaffe defensive fighter opposition for the rest of the war. Offensive counter-air, to clear the way for strategic bombers and an eventually decisive cross-channel invasion, was a strategic mission led by escort fighters partnered with heavy bombers.
The tactical mission, however, was the province of fighter-bombers, assisted by light and medium bombers. American theatre commanders became air power enthusiasts, and built their strategies around the need for tactical air supremacy. MacArthur had been badly defeated in the Philippines in —42 primarily because the Japanese controlled the sky.
His planes were outnumbered and outclassed, his airfields shot up, his radar destroyed, his supply lines cut. His infantry never had a chance. MacArthur vowed never again. His island hopping campaign was based on the strategy of isolating Japanese strongholds while leaping past them. Each leap was determined by the range of his air force, and the first task on securing an objective was to build an airfield to prepare for the next leap.
The Allies won battlefield air supremacy in the Pacific in , and in Europe in That meant that Allied supplies and reinforcements would get through to the battlefront, but not the enemy's. It meant the Allies could concentrate their strike forces wherever they pleased, and overwhelm the enemy with a preponderance of firepower. There was a specific campaign, within the overall strategic offensive, for suppression of enemy air defences , or, specifically, Luftwaffe fighters.
While the Japanese began the war with a superb set of naval aviators, trained at the Misty Lagoon experimental air station , their practice, perhaps from the warrior tradition, was to keep the pilots in action until they died. On December 27, , the United States had initiated the Civilian Pilot Training Program to vastly increase the number of ostensibly "civilian" American pilots, but this program also had the eventual effect of providing a large flight-ready force of trained pilots for future military action if the need arose.
Other countries had other variants. In some countries, it seemed to be a matter of personal choice if one stayed in combat or helped build the next generation. Even where there was a policy of using skills outside combat, some individuals, e. Guy Gibson VC insisted on returning to combat after a year.
While RAF Bomber Command let individuals form teams naturally and bomber aircrew were generally hetereogenous in origins, the Canadian government pushed for its aircrew to be organised in one Group for greater recognition — No. Arnold correctly anticipated that the U. Working closely with the Army Corps of Engineers, he created Aviation Engineer Battalions that by included , men. Runways, hangars, radar stations, power generators, barracks, gasoline storage tanks and ordnance dumps had to be built hurriedly on tiny coral islands, mud flats, featureless deserts, dense jungles, or exposed locations still under enemy artillery fire.
The heavy construction gear had to be imported, along with the engineers, blueprints, steel-mesh landing mats, prefabricated hangars, aviation fuel, bombs and ammunition, and all necessary supplies. As soon as one project was finished the battalion would load up its gear and move forward to the next challenge, while headquarters inked in a new airfield on the maps.
The engineers opened an entirely new airfield in North Africa every other day for seven straight months. Once when heavy rains along the coast reduced the capacity of old airfields, two companies of Airborne Engineers loaded miniaturized gear into 56 transports, flew a thousand miles to a dry Sahara location, started blasting away, and were ready for the first B 24 hours later. Often engineers had to repair and use a captured enemy airfield. The German fields were well-built all-weather operations.
Some of the Japanese island bases, built before the war, had excellent airfields. Most new Japanese installations in the Pacific were ramshackle affairs with poor siting, poor drainage, scant protection, and narrow, bumpy runways. Engineering was a low priority for the offense-minded Japanese, who chronically lacked adequate equipment and imagination.
On a few islands, local commanders did improve aircraft shelters and general survivability, as they correctly perceived the danger of coming raids or invasions. Tactical air power involves gaining control of the airspace over the battlefield, directly supporting ground units as by attacks on enemy tanks and artillery , and attacking enemy supply lines, and airfields.
Typically, fighter planes are used to gain air supremacy, and light bombers are used for support missions. Tactical air doctrine stated that the primary mission was to turn tactical superiority into complete air supremacy —to totally defeat the enemy air force and obtain control of its air space. This could be done directly through dogfights, and raids on airfields and radar stations, or indirectly by destroying aircraft factories and fuel supplies.
The Allies won air supremacy in the Pacific in , and in Europe in This was the basic Allied strategy, and it worked. One of the most effective demonstrations of air supremacy by the Western Allies over Europe occurred in early , when Lieutenant General Jimmy Doolittle , who took command of the US 8th Air Force in January , would only a few months later "release" the building force of P Mustangs from their intended mission to closely escort the 8th Air Force's heavy bombers, after getting help from British aviators in selecting the best available aircraft type s for the task.
This change in American fighter tactics began to have its most immediate effect with the loss of more and more of the Luftwaffe's Jagdflieger fighter pilot personnel,  and fewer bomber losses to the Luftwaffe as wore on. Air superiority depended on having the fastest, most maneuverable fighters, in sufficient quantity, based on well-supplied airfields, within range.
The RAF demonstrated the importance of speed and maneuverability in the Battle of Britain , when its fast Spitfire and Hawker Hurricane fighters easily riddled the clumsy Stukas as they were pulling out of dives. The race to build the fastest fighter became one of the central themes of World War II. Once total air supremacy in a theatre was gained the second mission was interdiction of the flow of enemy supplies and reinforcements in a zone five to fifty miles behind the front. Whatever moved had to be exposed to air strikes, or else confined to moonless nights.
Radar was not good enough for nighttime tactical operations against ground targets. A large fraction of tactical air power focused on this mission. The third and lowest priority from the AAF viewpoint mission was " close air support " or direct assistance to ground units on the battlefront which consisted of bombing targets identified by ground forces, and strafing exposed infantry. Bradley was horrified when 77 planes dropped their payloads short of the intended target:.
The Germans were stunned senseless, with tanks overturned, telephone wires severed, commanders missing, and a third of their combat troops killed or wounded. The defence line broke; J. However, the sight of a senior colleague killed by error was unnerving, and after the completion of operation Cobra, Army generals were so reluctant to risk "friendly fire" casualties that they often passed over excellent attack opportunities that would be possible only with air support.
Infantrymen, on the other hand, were ecstatic about the effectiveness of close air support:. Some forces, especially the United States Marine Corps , emphasised the air-ground team. The airmen, in this approach, also are infantrymen who understand the needs and perspective of the ground forces. There was much more joint air-ground training, and a given air unit might have a long-term relationship with a given ground unit, improving their mutual communications.
In North-West Europe, the Allies used the "taxi-rank" or "Cab-rank" system for supporting the ground assault. When support was required it could be quickly summoned by a ground observer. While often too inaccurate against armoured vehicles, rockets had a psychological effect on troops and were effective against the supply-carrying trucks used to support German tanks. The Luftwaffe was the first to use such weapons in their pioneering use of the unpowered Fritz X armor-piercing anti-ship ordnance on September 9, , against the Italian battleship Roma , with III.
Missions were flown in both Western Europe in the summer and autumn of , and in the China-Burma-India theatre in early , with two separate B Liberator squadrons, one in each theatre, having some limited success with the device. Navy's Bat unpowered anti-ship ordnance was based around the same half-ton HE bomb as the Azon, but with the same bomb contained within a much more aerodynamic airframe, and used a fully autonomous onboard radar guidance system to control its flightpath, rather than an external source of control for the Azon.
Britain and the United States built large quantities of four-engined long-range heavy bombers; Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union did not. The decision was made in by the German general staff, the technical staff, and the aviation industry that there was a lack of sufficient labor, capital, and raw materials. During the war Hitler was insistent on bombers having tactical capability, which at the time meant dive bombing, a maneuver then impossible for any heavy bomber. His aircraft had limited effect on Britain for a variety of reasons, but low payload was among them. Lacking a doctrine of strategic bombing, neither the RLM or the Luftwaffe ever ordered any suitable quantities of an appropriate heavy bomber from the German aviation industry, having only the Heinkel He A Greif available for such duties, a design plagued with many technical problems, including an unending series of engine fires , with just under 1, examples ever being built.
Early in the war, the Luftwaffe had excellent tactical aviation, but when it faced Britain's integrated air defence system, the medium bombers actually designed, produced and deployed to combat — meant to include the Schnellbomber high-speed mediums, and their intended heavier warload successors, the Bomber B design competition competitors—did not have the numbers or bomb load to do major damage of the sort the RAF and USAAF inflicted on German cities.
Hitler believed that new high-technology "secret weapons" would give Germany a strategic bombing capability and turn the war around. The first of 9, V-1 flying bombs hit London in mid- June, , and together with 1, V-2 rockets caused 8, civilian deaths and 23, injuries. Although they did not seriously undercut British morale or munitions production, they bothered the British government a great deal—Germany now had its own unanswered weapons system. Every raid against a V-1 or V-2 launch site was one less raid against the Third Reich.
On the whole, however, the secret weapons were still another case of too little too late. The Luftwaffe ran the V-1 program, which used a jet engine, but it diverted scarce engineering talent and manufacturing capacity that were urgently needed to improve German radar, air defence, and jet fighters.
The German Army ran the V-2 program. The rockets were a technological triumph, and bothered the British leadership even more than the V-1s. But they were so inaccurate they rarely could hit militarily significant targets. Japan did not have a separate air force. Its aviation units were integrated into the Army and Navy, which were not well coordinated with each other. Japanese military aircraft production during World War II produced 76, warplanes, of which 30, were fighters and 15, were light bombers.
Japan launched a full-scale war in China in and soon controlled the major cities and the seacoast. In —41, well before Pearl Harbor, the United States decided on an aggressive air campaign against Japan using Chinese bases and American pilots wearing Chinese uniforms. Chennault called for strategic bombing against Japanese cities, using American bombers based in China. The plan was approved by Roosevelt and top policy makers in Washington, and equipment was on the way in December It proved to be futile.
American strategic bombing of Japan from Chinese bases began in , using Bs under the command of General Curtis Lemay , but the distances and the logistics made an effective campaign impossible. Washington tried to deter Japanese entry into the war by threatening the firebombing of Japanese cities using B strategic bombers based in the Philippines. Japanese naval air power proved unexpectedly powerful, sinking the American battleship fleet at Pearl Harbor in December , then raging widely across the Pacific and Indian oceans to defeat elements of the British, American, Dutch, and Australian forces.
Land-based airpower, coordinated efficiently with land forces, enabled Japan to overrun Malaya, Singapore,  and the Philippines by spring The Doolittle Raid used 16 B bombers taking off from aircraft carriers  to bomb Tokyo in April Little physical damage was done, but the episode shocked and stunned the Japanese people and leadership. Meanwhile, Japanese aircraft had all but eliminated Allied air power in South-East Asia and began attacking Australia, with a major raid on Darwin , February A raid by a powerful Japanese Navy aircraft carrier force into the Indian Ocean resulted in the Battle of Ceylon and sinking of the only British carrier, HMS Hermes in the theatre as well as 2 cruisers and other ships effectively driving the British fleet out of the Indian Ocean and paving the way for Japanese conquest of Burma and a drive towards India.
The Japanese seemed unstoppable. However, the Doolittle Raid caused an uproar in the Japanese Army and Navy commands—they had both lost face in letting the Emperor be threatened. As a consequence, the Army relocated overseas fighter groups to Japan, groups needed elsewhere. Even more significantly, the Naval command believed it had to extend its eastern defence perimeter, and they focused on Midway as the next base. By mid, the Japanese Combined Fleet found itself holding a vast area, even though it lacked the aircraft carriers, aircraft, and aircrew to defend it, and the freighters, tankers, and destroyers necessary to sustain it.
Moreover, Fleet doctrine was incompetent to execute the proposed "barrier" defence. In the Battle of the Coral Sea , fought between May 4—8, off the coast of Australia, the opposing fleets never saw one another; it was an air exchange. While the Americans had greater losses and arguably a tactical loss, they gained a strategic victory, as Japan cancelled a planned offensive. In the Battle of Midway , the Japanese split their fleet, sending much of their force and a feint toward Alaska.
The Americans realized Alaska was not the main target, and desperately concentrated its resources to defend Midway. Japan had warplanes operating from four carriers; the U. In an extraordinarily close battle, the Japanese suddenly lost their four main aircraft carriers, and were forced to return home. They never again launched a major offensive in the Pacific. The Japanese had built a major air base on the island of Rabaul , but had difficulty keeping it supplied. American naval and Marine aviation made Rabaul a frequent bombing target.
A Japanese airfield was spotted under construction at Guadalcanal. The Americans made an amphibious landing in August to seize it, sent in the Cactus Air Force and started to reverse the tide of Japanese conquests. As a result, Japanese and Allied forces both occupied various parts of Guadalcanal.
Over the following six months, both sides fed resources into an escalating battle of attrition on the island, at sea, and in the sky, with eventual victory going to the Americans in February It was a campaign the Japanese could ill afford. A majority of Japanese aircraft from the entire South Pacific area was drained into the Japanese defence of Guadalcanal. After , the United States made a massive effort to build up its aviation forces in the Pacific, and began island-hopping to push its airfields closer and closer to Tokyo.
Meanwhile, the Japanese were unable to upgrade their aircraft, and they fell further and further behind in numbers of aircraft carriers. The CGI effects may look a bit hokey today, but were considered pretty cutting edge at the time of release. It traces the life of a classics teacher who takes a fateful train journey one night that seems to fix her own life on a mythic course.
He stars as a highly strung New York comic, who is trying to understand why his relationship with the kooky Midwestern Annie Diane Keaton ended the year previously. The film has both an hilariously funny and unbearably sad take on the fragile realities of adult relationships. For whoever is first to leave the competition, even a guest performance from singer Lewis Capaldi is unlikely to soften the blow.
Egyptologist Dr Chris Naunton joins a team of archaeologists unsealing an intact burial chamber beneath the recently discovered ruins of a 4,year-old pyramid. As light enters the tomb for the first time in millennia, a gripping mummy-mystery unfolds. This entrancing short film is by Robert Macfarlane, one of our foremost writers about nature and landscape, and director Rob Petit.
Meanwhile, Tom Parker Kris Marshall is also in the capital, stewing over the disastrous cricket match. Award-winning poet and best-selling memoirist Lemn Sissay introduces a series of short, sparky, vibrant films from a new generation of British artists, inspired by poetry and the spoken word.
This odd but undeniably gripping Flemish supernatural thriller is about year-old Kato Lynn Van Royen , who wakes up one day to find her own dead body lying in the bath. Discovering what happened, and how, is understandably complicated, because almost no one can see or hear her anymore. The full eight-part series is available on All 4. Alan Cumming narrates the story as the voice of Black Beauty. The UN wants to bring our heroes under control — and one six-strong faction readily signs up.
The film also introduces Chadwick Boseman as franchise newcomer Black Panther, who went on to his own film. The sunny mood changes when he meets people from his past at each pool who confront him with his failures. Give yourself up to this dreamlike, weird but engrossing film. Finally, Adepitan heads to Peru to see how avocado farming has transformed a formerly arid region. Nor does the programme shy away from discussing the possible outcomes of a no-deal Brexit — even if it could have dug a little deeper from time to time. A year after Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi was murdered in the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Jane Corbin asks whether certain countries are ignoring his death in order to preserve their lucrative trade deals with the Gulf state.
Combining eyewitness accounts and fresh information from leaked documents, the film also includes insights from the surviving protesters. This four-part buy-in from Australia focuses on sexting at school; it spins a smart tale of teenage lust, toxic masculinity and revenge porn, and subtly considers the pressures of today. Mishaps, mayhem and enough bad wine jokes to fill a vat.
Yes, it can only be one thing: the gloriously silly Plebs is back for a fifth season. Tonight, the boys swiftly find that a wine-buying assignment is not quite the relaxing road trip they imagined. This uplifting film follows teenagers from east London as they take part in an arts intervention programme.
Bernie Tiede befriended year-old widow Marjorie Nugent and benefited from her riches, before shooting her four times in the back in Carthage, Texas. The case was notable for the local sympathy pledged to the supposedly sweet-natured killer. Jack Black is an inspired casting choice in the title role, showing great depth. Gluttony, avarice, envy, sloth, wrath, lust and pride: the seven deadly sins are explored graphically, and imaginatively, in this gloomy thriller from director David Fincher. It follows a detective an outstanding Morgan Freeman and his rookie partner Brad Pitt on the hunt for a maniac who kills those guilty of the vices.
Kevin Spacey and Gwyneth Paltrow co-star. Borrowing extensively from Bake Off: The Professionals, Inside the Factory and The Apprentice, this fun new series follows two leading chefs as they attempt to replicate much-loved British snacks, all under the gaze of Fred Sirieix now fighting a losing battle with his inner Antoine de Caunes. Comedian Jayde Adams, meanwhile, takes on the Gregg Wallace role of being gobsmacked by watching the production line.
Week six is Dessert Week, which entails a layered Signature, a Technical where precision and restraint are rewarded, and a spherical celebration cake for the Showstopper. With the dead wood in the tent long gone, tough choices await Prue Leith and Paul Hollywood. DI Carey Holliday Grainger , Shaun Callum Turner and the viewing audience finally discover the truth about the CCTV footage and everything that followed — although, with another episode next week, expect further twists and turns in this excellent thriller.
Channel 5 makes another visit to the Tower as it is and as it was, with modern-day curators this week exploring one of its greatest tragedies: the execution of Lady Jane Grey, left the throne by the late child king Edward VI but rapidly manoeuvred out of power and onto the scaffold by Mary, eldest daughter of Henry VIII.